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The historical roots of bathhouses


The historical roots of bathhouses
 
History baths go back deep into antiquity. Thus, the Egyptians have about 6 thousand years ago, attached great importance to clean the body and is widely used baths. The Egyptian priests during the day washed four times: twice by day and twice at night. As everywhere, there were perfectly arranged baths, accessible to everyone. Adherence to the sauna and massage, moderation in food allow Egyptians to support stroynost figures and helped successfully fight premature aging. Egyptian doctors at that time considered the best in the world, and their skill in treating different diseases almost did not go without water procedures, that is, without a bath.

Over 1.5 thousand years before Christ bath is widely used in hygiene and medical purpose in India.

In ancient Greece baths have appeared at first spartantsev. Represent it is a circular room with a stone open fireplace in the center.

A special love and popularity enjoyed a bath at the ancient Romans. Here there is literally a cult baths. Even healthy at the meeting, the Romans instead of welcoming asked: «How poteesh?» The Romans simply did not have imagined life without baths. «Bath, love and joy to old age, we are together», - this inscription preserved to our days on the wall of one of ancient buildings.

In the bath Romans not only mylis, but were interviewed, drawing, reading poetry, singing, feasting staged. In the baths were rooms for massage, the place for physical exercise and sports, library. Rich Romans visited the sauna twice a day.

Both private and public Roman baths (terms) is the exclusive luxury - precious marble basin, gold and silver basins. By the end I in. BC. e. Rome was built 150 public baths.

It is interesting to note that the space for poteniya razogrevalis just as in modern Russian baths and Finnish saunas: in the corner of oven-roaster, for the bronze lattice-hot rocks over uglyami. There were also rooms with dry and wet steam.

In ancient Rome valued baths and as a means of many diseases. In particular, a prominent Roman doctor Asklepiada (128-56 years BC, et.) For his commitment to bannomu hydrotherapy even nicknamed «bather». Asklepiad believed that to cure the patient required purity body, moderate gym, sweating in the sauna, massage, diet and walks in the fresh air. «The most important thing," said Asklepiad - to seize the attention of the patient, to destroy his spleen, to restore healthy presentation and an optimistic attitude to life ». It is just a bath and created a similar sensation in a patient.

Steam bath in Russia (soap, movnya, mov, vlaznya) has been known to the Slavs in the V-VI centuries. Baney enjoyed by all: and princes, and znatnye people and the people. In addition to its purely functional purposes, Bath played a major role in various rites. For example, the bath was considered necessary prior to the wedding and another wedding day, with visits to the sauna accompanied by a special tseremonialom.

About Russian bathhouses wrote many foreign travelers.

Oleary (German scientist 1603-1671 biennium.) Travel in Muscovy and Persia in the 1633-1639 biennium., Wrote that the Russian firm hold of custom bathe in a bath ... but because something in all towns and villages they have many public and private baths. Oleary, incidentally, mentions that the Russian came to the conclusion that Lzhedmitry - foreigner because he did not like baths. «Russian - announced Olearii - can make a strong fever, from which they are all red and iznemogut before, that has not been able to stay in the sauna, they run out naked into the street, both men and women, and oblivayutsya cold water , The winter also ran a bathhouse in the yard, roll in the snow, his body tinder that soap, and then again go to the bath ».

Built baths allow all who have enough land. Ordinance 1649 prescribed «soap built on orchards and empty field near the choir». Private baths topilis only once a week on Saturdays, but because Saturday considered bannymi days and had not worked even attendance seats. Usages of home saunas mylis entire families at the same time, men and women parilis together. However, in public ( «trade») baths people of every age and sex also parilis and mylis together, however, women on one side, men - to another. Only in the 1743 senate decree was banned in. «Trade» baths wash men along with women and male sex over the age of 7 years to enter the women's sauna, a female of the same age - in menswear.

As written in the same ancient treatise, offers ten advantages of lustration: the clarity of mind, freshness, vivacity, health, strength, beauty, youth, clean, nice color and attention to beautiful women. Note that the one who understands interpreted in steam bath, sauna goes to not so much to wash, how warm and propotet.

Progrevanie leads to a beneficial change in the functional state of organs and systems, increase metabolism, contributes to the development of protective and compensatory mechanisms. This is due to the favorable influence of heat and poteniya cardiovascular, respiratory, endocrine system and thermostatically controlled for most people. Bath calms the nervous system, restores the animal spirits, increases intelligence.
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